||Controls the game. Sees that the game is played according to the
laws of soccer. Only judges what he sees. Keeps the official time and is concerned
with the safety of the players. The referee’s authority extends from the
moment of arrival until the moment of departure
Treat the referee with respect
- no lip. Accept the decisions. Play continues until the referee signals. A signal
may be a whistle or a hand gesture. If you want to talk to the referee, do it
before the game, during halftime or after the game, NOT during the game.
Hand signals a referee might use:
|Points to corner of field >
|Points to penalty spot >
|Points to goal area >
|Points to goal line with one arm >
||Direct Free Kick
|Points to goal line with one arm,
other arm pointing up >
|Indirect Free Kick
|Points to center of the field >
Play the game. Have FUN, and stop if the referee signals.
Coach the game. Have FUN, arrange for substitutions, control the spectators
and provide encouragement to the players.
Watch the game. Have FUN; encourage the players of both teams.
Where do the players play and what do they do?
Sets up scoring opportunities like give-and-go or wall pass; has accurate,
powerful feet for shots.
||Controls midfield; starts and supports attacks on goal.
Stays between ball and goal; controls or marks attackers; clears ball from
defensive area to a more forward player.
Stops goals; helps direct the defense; starts attacks by throwing or kicking
ball; sets up players for defensive walls and corner kicks.
How should the ball be played?
Player moves ball over center line; rolls forward; second player must touch
ball before first player may retouch; may then pass back to midfield for support
or start attack.
A ball is in-bounds until it completely crosses over either the touchline
or the goal line. If any part of the ball is over any part of the line, the ball
is in play.
Ball crosses touchline (sideline); throw-in is awarded to other team. Both
feet must be touching ground, on or behind touchline. Both hands start behind
the head. Throw-in is one continuous motion over the head with both hands.
||Ball crosses goal line, last touched by offense; ball is kicked by defending
team from within goal area. Ball must exit penalty area before being touched by
Ball crosses goal line, last touched by defense; ball is kicked by the
offensive team from inside corner marking.
||Restarts game, usually after an injury. Between one player from each team.
The referee drops the ball. The ball is in play when it hits the ground.
How are free kicks and when are they awarded?
|Indirect Free Kick:
Off-sides, dangerous play, obstruction, prevents goalkeeper from releasing
ball from hands, too many steps by goalkeeper, goalkeeper touching ball with hands
when deliberately kicked to him by a teammate or directly from a throw-in from
a teammate, goalkeeper time wasting. On the kick to restart, the ball must touch
another player before scoring a goal. The kick is taken at point of the violation
(except if committed in goal area), and the defense must be at least 10 yards
|Direct Free Kick:
||Intentionally kicks or attempts to kick, trips or attempts to trip, strikes
attempts to strike, jumps at, charges, pushes an opponent, tackles an opponent
making contact with the opponent before touching the ball, holds, spits at an
opponent, or handles (using any part of the arm from the shoulder to the fingertips)
the ball deliberately. The kick to restart can go directly into the goal without
touching another player. It is taken at the point of violation with the defense
at least 10 yards away. The defense may set up a wall if the kick is within striking
range of the goal but the referee does not have to hold up the game while the
defense sets up the wall.
||A direct free kick infraction (a foul) committed in the penalty area. The
goalie is positioned on goal line; the ball on penalty spot. The goalie may not
move off the goal line until the ball is kicked and all other players, except
the goalie and kicker, are outside the penalty area (in 6v6 play, all players
must be beyond mid-field).
What are yellow and red cards and when are cards given?
Caution issued for unsporting behavior, dissent (by word or action), persistent
repeated infringements of the laws of the game, delay of restart, failure to respect
required distance with a corner kick or free kick, entering or re- entering the
field of play without permission, leaving the field of play without permission.
||Ejection from game (send-off) for serious foul play, violent conduct, spitting
at an opponent or any other person, denying an opponent a goal or goal scoring
opportunity by handling the ball, denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity
to an opponent moving toward the goal by an offense punishable by a free kick
or a penalty kick, using offensive, insulting, or abusive language, or receiving
a second caution in the same match.
What is off-sides?
||When the ball is played by a teammate there must be the ball or two defenders
even with or nearer to the goal than the player in question. Also he must be in
the offensive end of the field. If not, the player is in an off-side position.
But, in addition to being in an offside position, a player must be seeking to
gain an advantage or be interfering with play to be declared off- side. If no
interference or no advantage gained, no penalty. This is a judgment call by the
referee (and linesmen). Also, off-side does not apply to a ball received directly
from a goal kick, throw-in or corner kick.
The off-side rule is not used in 6v6 play.